Effect of Coaches in Cricket, Football and Hockey Matches

Daily Mail Sports

Coach in Sports :

A person who teaches others to play a particular sport. Coaches give guidance about their own game, whether they are playing or watching. Coaches also assist players in making good decisions while playing, and may even offer advice if asked. 

Sport :

 An activity that requires physical skill and often rules, regulations, equipment, or rules. Sports generally involve some kind of competition between two or more teams, individuals, or squads; many activities or games have been turned into recognized sports. 


 The captain is the leader of his team and is responsible for motivating them throughout the game. He has complete authority, even though he doesn’t always exercise it, and he must ensure that his team follows him. In hockey, the head coach is responsible for coaching the entire team. The coach is often assisted by assistant coaches who work closely with the head coach.

 Role of the Coach:

 In both sports, the role of the coach is varied and includes setting the strategy, motivating his/her team members, directing the game, and giving directives to the team at various times. The coach makes sure that the team stays focused and disciplined while playing.

 Role of the Captain: 

The captain has many responsibilities in cricket. For instance, he should motivate his teammates and lead the team. He should take care of the pitch condition and give instructions to the fielders about the position they should hold.

 Role of Assistant Coaches: 

Assistant coaches are also present in both sports. They assist the captain and help him fulfill his assignments. They are also responsible for giving directions to the batsmen, fielding, and bowling. They may also instruct the wicketkeeper in taking catches.

Types of Coaches:

1. Technical Coach:

He/she is responsible for the technical aspects of the game like tactics, strategy, selection & execution of field placements, substitutions and the use of substitutes, fitness training and equipment, and maintaining the playing conditions. A good technical coach should be able to motivate his team members, provide sound advice regarding the opponent’s strengths and weaknesses, and lead by example. In addition, a good technical coach should be knowledgeable about the rules of cricket, hockey, football and any other sport being played. Another aspect of technical coaching is ensuring players understand their roles and responsibilities on the pitch. Technical coaches work closely with batting and bowling coaches, goal keepers and physiotherapists.

2. Tactical Coach:

Tactically he/she is responsible for devising strategies to win matches. His job involves analyzing the opposition and trying to exploit their weaknesses, assessing the strengths of his own side and finding ways to beat the opponent using those strengths. A tactically-minded coach may have a strong background in sports science or sports psychology, or may simply excel at reading situations, anticipating what actions will be taken by both teams and working out how to counter them.

3. Performance Analyst:

An analyst is someone who is well versed in statistics, probability theory and mathematics. Analysts are responsible for collecting information from different sources, then presenting the data in an understandable way to help make informed decisions. Their knowledge helps to inform the strategies applied by individual players and the team.

4. Fitness Coach:

He/She is responsible for designing individual conditioning programmes based on each player's physical capabilities, psychological attributes and personal goals. Fitness coaches monitor player performance throughout the season and ensure they perform at peak levels physically, mentally and emotionally. They also manage injury prevention programmes and provide leadership in the dressing room.

5. Goal Keeper Coach:

A goalkeeper coach is responsible for helping keepers play the best possible shots on target. He/she uses drills, video analysis and feedback to improve shot accuracy and save percentage. A goalie coach works closely with the keeper and other team personnel to provide constructive criticism.

6. Team Physiotherapist:

Physiotherapists are experts in rehabilitation medicine, sports injuries and pain management. A physio is responsible for monitoring and treating muscular injuries and sprains. They assess athletes before and after games and injuries, evaluate muscle flexibility and movement patterns, and treat musculoskeletal injuries with manual therapy techniques. Their responsibility includes encouraging and assisting injured athletes to return to full participation as soon as possible.

7. Strength & Conditioning Coach:

A strength coach is responsible for developing, planning and implementing physical fitness programs. These plans focus on building maximum power output, endurance capacity, speed and agility, balance, reaction time and coordination. A strength coach works with a variety of individuals including professional athletes, recreational athletes and non-athletes. Athletes receive advice on nutrition, recovery, supplementation, sleep hygiene and mental preparation.

8. Sport Psychologist:

A sport psychologist often works with athletes and teams, offering guidance and counseling on various issues

In cricket, the coach's role is to give out instructions to players about how they should perform certain tasks in terms of running, batting or bowling, fielding etc. In football, the coach is responsible for keeping the team focused on victory. In hockey, coaches have a big responsibility in guiding the player to achieve their best performance.

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