Football and Its Effects on Human Fitness

Daily Mail Sports

Introduction to Blog

Football is a sport played between two teams of eleven players each, who try to score goals using their feet. There are no rules regarding how close the ball should go over the goal line; however, the game is often stopped if a player goes out of bounds (i.e., outside of a defined area) before scoring a goal. Each team consists of 11 players, 9 on offense and 2 on defense. One player serves as a goalkeeper while three substitutes may replace any outfield player at any time. Goals are scored whenever a player kicks the ball toward the opponent's goal (see diagram below). A match ends once 15 minutes have elapsed without either team scoring, or if one team has already scored 14 goals, or if a player is injured and cannot continue playing.

How does football affect human health?

The primary concern of football is injury. Injuries tend to occur from collisions between players, tackles, and falls. As injuries increase due to contact sports, they can lead to long-term problems such as arthritis, back pain, and heart disease. Because of these injuries, football causes many deaths each year. Young children are particularly susceptible to traumatic brain injuries, while athletes and older adults are more likely to suffer concussions. Collisions can cause serious head injuries including skull fractures, concussion, brain bleeding, and spinal cord injuries. Most of these injuries are preventable with proper training and equipment.

Why do we play football?

In addition to its physical dangers, football also promotes unhealthy activities among young people. Many teenagers spend hours watching television and playing video games during their free time. When combined with inadequate nutrition, these habits can result in poor academic performance and behavioral issues. Sports like football are a good way for children to get enough exercise and stay physically active, but it’s not necessary to engage in them unless you enjoy the activity.

Increased muscle mass

Football players have increased levels of testosterone than non-footballers. Testosterone is responsible for increasing muscle size and strength. Research shows football players have higher levels of testosterone than soccer players. Sports such as basketball and baseball may cause less extreme increases in testosterone than those playing football. Soccer players may benefit from lower amounts of testosterone due to their body structure. A study in the Journal of Applied Physiology showed male soccer players had reduced testosterone compared to male rugby players. Female athletes were not studied.

Decreased risk of heart disease

A 2008 report published in the American Heart Association journal Circulation stated that men who play football face a significantly decreased risk of heart attack. According to the researchers, “the results of this study confirm previous studies showing football players have a lower incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocardial infarction (MI).” High school football players were three times less likely to suffer from CAD. Also, these same players were four times less likely to develop MI. College football players faced even lower risk of both conditions. Researchers say physical activity alone does not account for this lowered risk; they believe the protective effects stem from improvements in cholesterol levels. In addition, they point out that the football games played do raise blood pressure levels in college students. However, this effect appears to dissipate after graduation.

Reduced risk of certain cancers

According to a 2010 study published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, football players had lower rates of some forms of cancer than people who did not participate in sports. Specifically, the researchers found that football players were 40% less likely to suffer from prostate cancer than those who did not participate in competitive athletics.

Better sleep quality

A 2012 study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal suggests high school football players have improved sleep quality over time. Researchers found that the number of hours slept was no different between high school football players and non-athletes. However, the quality of sleep was better among the former group. They suggest this is related to the fact that football players are healthier than non-athletes and therefore experience fewer bad dreams. Another possible explanation is that being constantly active while awake makes it easier to fall asleep at night.

Improved aerobic fitness

Research conducted by University of South Carolina researchers states that high school football players show greater improvement in cardio respiratory fitness than non-athletes. They suggest this could be attributed to the physical demands placed on their bodies by tackling, blocking, running, and jumping.

Greater bone density

Another study published in 2007 shows football players have greater bone density than non-athlete males. The researchers state that this may be due to the weight bearing nature of football. The repetitive force applied to bones during contact drills may be the contributing factor.

Lower BMI

The above study finds that high school football players have a lower Body Mass Index (BMI). Researchers explain that having a lower BMI means football players weigh less than non-athletic individuals. Additionally, this study demonstrates that football players maintain a low BMI throughout their adult lives.


Muscle mass is what determines how strong you could potentially become, and therefore is a big factor in football fitness. To increase muscle mass, you need to have endurance training. Endurance training refers to activities where you work out at low intensity for longer periods of time, or high-intensity interval training (HIIT). HIIT involves working out in intervals, where you exercise intensely for short bursts, then rest for a few minutes before repeating the cycle. This type of training increases the amount of oxygen going to your muscles. Another way to build muscles is weight lifting. Weight lifting increases the size of your muscles, but does not change their number. You should do both forms of physical activity for maximum effect. If you want to lose fat, cardio exercises are best. Cardio exercises burn calories throughout the day, rather than just when you exercise. Examples of cardio exercises include running, biking, swimming, rowing, elliptical machines, etc. These activities put your body under strain, increasing the amount of calories your body uses. Your muscles need protein to repair themselves after workouts, so eat plenty of foods like eggs, chicken breast, fish, lean beef, pork, soybeans, nuts, seeds, beans, tofu, milk, yogurt, cheese, peanut butter, cereal, bread, and pasta. Protein is also good for maintaining your bones, teeth, skin, hair, and nails. Eating lots of fruits and vegetables helps to prevent many illnesses, including cancer, heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, stroke, and kidney stones.


Your brain controls everything in your body, including how you feel, think about things, remember things, move, talk, dream, and even make decisions. So your brain is extremely important when it comes to being fit. When your brain works right, you feel great, think clearly, remember things, and are able to perform well athletically. There are two different types of nerves: sensory nerves are responsible for feeling, hearing, seeing, tasting, smelling, touching, temperature sensation, pain, balance and movement; and motor nerves are responsible for your voluntary actions, like moving your arms, legs, tongue, lips, fingers, toes, eyes, ears, nose, breasts, penis, vagina, bowels, kidneys, bladder, rectum, and anus. A lack of nutrition, especially protein, can affect these nerves and cause problems. Most people don't get enough protein, especially while they're young. In fact, only 6% of Americans eat adequate amounts of protein according to the USDA.

Heart and Blood Vessels

The heart is a muscular organ located in the chest cavity that provides blood flow to all parts of the body. Your blood vessels carry blood away from the heart and around your body. Healthy blood vessels help keep your blood pressure down. A person's blood pressure is the force of blood pushing outwardly against the wall of blood vessels. An unhealthy blood vessel may break, causing bleeding or swelling. Excess cholesterol plaque buildup in the arteries can block off some of the blood vessels, causing blood clots and leading to strokes. Therefore, eating a diet rich in fiber and low in saturated fatty acids can reduce.

I hope you have enjoyed this article!!!


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