What is the Role of Referee (Umpire) in Cricket Match?

Daily Mail Sports

Who is Referee?

 A cricket referee is responsible for overseeing the match and ensuring fair play. A referee's job is to enforce the rules of the game and ensure all players comply with them. There are three types of referees who oversee matches: umpires, fielders and TMS (Timekeeper/Match Official). Umpires are always positioned behind the stumps and have a distinct color uniform. Fielders have two positions, each with their own specific role. In one position they stand near the batsmen, while in the other they are near the bowler. Finally, Timekeepers keep track of the time left in the game and make sure the innings length remains at twenty overs per hour.

Batting side

 The batting side is the team that is currently scoring runs. On the field the team is divided into eleven players, five batters and six bowlers. Batsman stands just inside the circle while bowlers stand outside of it. Each batter gets three chances to hit the ball, while the bowler only gets one chance to deliver the ball. If the batsman hits the ball successfully then he becomes out and his partner takes over. However, if the batsman fails to connect the ball then he scores no runs. The batsman who makes the highest number of runs wins the match.

Bowling side

 The bowling side is the team that's not hitting the ball. Like the batting side they're also given three attempts to deliver the ball. However, the bowler only gets 1 attempt, and if they succeed they get 1 point. The bowler who scores the most points wins the match.


 An over is defined as any continuous period of play lasting 20 minutes where a maximum of 6 balls are delivered per player. The first over starts after the fielding side puts the bat down, and ends once the batsman hits the ground with the last delivery. After an over, both teams change sides.

Number of wickets

 Wicket is a term used to describe how many times the bowler bowls and gets the batsman out. When a batsman is dismissed and removed from the field, the bowler removes himself from the playing area. If the bowler misses a catch, then the fielding captain calls for a replacement. However, if the bowler catches the ball cleanly he stays in place until the end of the over.

Runs scored

 If a batsman connects the ball successfully, he scores a run. If the ball goes through the fielder's hands then the batsman scores 2 runs. Once in a while a batsman may score 4 runs if he hits the ball twice. If the batsman does not connect the ball then he still gets credit for 1 run.


 Innings is a measure of how much time has elapsed since the start of the game. If a match lasts 5 hours then it would take 120 minutes to complete. An inning is defined as 40 minutes, meaning that the match should last about 3 hours. So, if a match started at 10am, then the first inning would begin at 11 am, the second at 12 noon, the third at 1 pm, etc.

Role of referee in cricket match :-

 The role of the umpire is to enforce the rules set out by the Laws of the game. He or she makes decisions about whether he thinks the ball was bowled underarm, leg before wicket etc.

 Umpires may also decide if a batsman has been caught at slip, if the striker is given out, or if a run should be awarded due to obstruction. There are two types of umpires: One who stands behind the stumps and one who stands in front of them. In practice the latter is often referred to as 'the third man' and the former as 'the fourth man'.

 Umpires can award penalties for things going wrong with the play (e.g., throwing). If they think something is unfair then they have the power to issue a warning or even send off the offending player. If a penalty is issued, it cannot be appealed unless the captain requests a replay.

 There is no limit to how long an umpire can stand on the field, nor is there any rule stating what his/her clothing should look like.

 In Test matches, the umpires are supported by a number of assistant umpires who help make sure the laws are being correctly applied and correct calls are being made. There is no requirement for an umpire to wear anything special; however, they do wear a black cap with white facemask.

Referees have played an indispensable role in cricket's history. Without their involvement, matches would not be conducted under fair conditions. In fact, without referees, the game of cricket wouldn't exist at all.

 The primary roles performed by the referee are to ensure that the game follows the rules and regulations. He also keeps track of the score and keeps a record of how many overs remain in each innings. This is very important since it helps him determine if time should be added to the end of any day’s play due to bad weather conditions. However, the referee does much more than just keeping track of scores.

 In addition to his duties, he also ensures that no players get injured by issuing warnings when necessary. These warnings may result in a player being sent out of the field or even put in the stands until he complies. The referee also ensures that no players use illegal methods to gain advantage over others. For instance, if a batsman hits the ball accidentally while fielding, then he could claim compensation from the bowler who threw the ball. The bowler could argue the case using the laws of cricket. But, if he was to do so, then he might face penalties for throwing the ball.

 A match ends only after both teams reach 100 runs. If they don't, then the team that scored more runs wins the match. A win for either team means that they won the game. On the other hand, a tie means that neither team won the match. In case of a draw, then the match goes to a third umpiring board.

 Cricket is a sport that involves physical contact between two teams of eleven players. The first wicket falls when a batsman hits a ball with a bat and bowls it towards the opposing team. When a bowler delivers the ball, he is allowed to bowl only six balls per over. At the same time, he is also allowed to hit the bat with the ball once. After that, the batter must wait for the bowler's throw-in before hitting the ball again. Once the bowler throws the ball, the striker may take three steps forward and the bowler may step backwards. Then, the striker must hit the pitch behind the popping crease and run back before striking the ball.

 The striker may not stop running until the ball reaches the batsman's pads. Once he hits the ball, he is given four chances to hit it with the bat. If the bowler hits the ball first, the striker is awarded five runs. If the bowler misses, the striker gets ten runs instead. Each subsequent strike increases the number of runs gained by the striker in proportion to the number of strikes taken. If the striker fails to hit the ball within the allotted time, then he loses the chance to score.

 On the other hand, if the bowler hits the batters' pad twice, then the striker loses his wickets and becomes the batsmen.

The referee of cricket match is responsible for running around the ground, keeping people safe and ensuring that they abide by the rules. The role of ref would be to ensure that any kind of violence should not take place between two teams. In case of any dispute the player should be told to stop and if he fails to do so then he would have to leave the playing field. The role of ref comes under four categories-

  • Asking players to stop.
  • Calling time out.
  • Giving out penalty runs.
  • Calling run outs.


 The referee's role is to ensure that the rules set out by the ICC (International Cricket Council) are obeyed at all times. Their job includes judging if play is legal or not, awarding penalty runs and wickets, and enforcing any laws agreed upon by the various players' unions. In addition, they may sometimes award the game to one team after observing unfair play.


 A scorekeeper keeps track of who scored how many runs, how many wickets have fallen and the number of overs remaining. He can also record the time taken for each over, to calculate the rate of scoring or bowling, and keep statistics for the match.


 Umpires are only appointed to international matches, where their decisions carry extra weight due to the importance of the match. An umpire's first duty is to give the ground official permission to start or stop play; he then determines whether a batsman or bowler is out without being told by either captain, and finally decides whether a run stands or a catch takes place. If a player appeals unsuccessfully, the decision is referred to the third umpire.

Player Managers

 Player managers act as liaison between the players and the officials, ensuring that the teams comply with the regulations of the game. All major cricketing countries have a representative called a manager.

Playing Fields

 Cricket fields vary greatly in size and shape depending on what type of cricket is played. There are four different types of cricket grounds:

  • Oval: The oval field measures approximately 360 x 180 yards (336 x 167 m).
  • Rectangular: A rectangular ground has two goals on opposite sides of the pitch. The field is about 300 yards long and 150 yards wide.
  • Long-stop field: A long stop field is rectangular except that each goal extends beyond both ends of the field.
  • Hilly: Hills make up about 80% of the pitches in England and are often used when rain is forecast.

The role of referee in cricket match is to decide the winner between two teams. A referee is someone who oversees the game and makes sure that both sides comply with the rules of the game. In order to do this, he keeps scorecards and records the result of each individual player’s contribution towards the team success. He ensures that no unfair play occurs and only legal actions are permitted.

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