Which Major Sports and Games are included in Olympic Games?

Daily Mail Sports

What is the Olympic games?

The Olympic games are held every four years. These are the world's most prestigious sporting event. Over 4,000 athletes compete at the games. The first official Olympics were held in Athens, Greece, in 1896. There were 10 events that were played between August 14th and 15th. A total of 2,500 athletes participated in these games. Here are some of the first sports included in the Olympic Games.

Who designed them?

The first modern Olympics were created by Pierre de Coubertin in 1896 and they have been held since then every four years.

Why do we celebrate the Olympic Games?

We celebrate the Olympic games because these events remind us everyday how lucky we are to live in a country where we can pursue our dreams without being persecuted for it. We celebrate the fact that people from around the world gather together to build a peaceful atmosphere, in which everyone is free to express their creativity and talents. We celebrate the fact these sports are so popular and fun!

How many Sports and Games are included in Olympic Games?

There are 9 sports and games that have been included in the Olympic Games, each played in different countries. These sports were chosen out of the many sports that were available at the time.

1. Archery

Archery is a sport where arrows are shot at targets from various distances. There are three different types of archery; traditional archery, compound archery and cross-bow archery. Traditional archery involves shooting arrows from a standing position using a bow. Compound archery is similar to traditional archery except the athlete shoots from a sitting position. Cross-bow archery is where the athlete uses a cross-bow instead of a bow.

The archer's goal is to hit the target using a bow or crossbow by aiming at the center of the bull's-eye and pulling back the string until the arrow reaches its maximum distance. Competitors shoot arrows over varying distances, ranging from 50 meters to 1000 meters. Each competitor shoots five arrows per event, each shot must land inside the circle drawn around the bulls-eye. A score is given based on how well the arrow hits the bulls-eye. If the arrow does not enter the bulls-eye, no points are awarded.

Archery was first introduced into the Olympics in 1896. In the modern archery competition, each contestant attempts to shoot arrows at targets placed some distance apart. Each arrow shot is scored based upon its distance from the target center (target score) and whether the arrow hits any of three concentric rings around the center (ring scores). Competitors may use a variety of equipment including recurve bows, crossbows, compound bows, and longbows. A bow with higher draw weight generally produces greater arrow speed and therefore a higher potential score.

Archery - archery is the longest lasting sport of the Olympics, having originated over 4,000 years ago. It was originally played with a bow and arrow (or crossbow) from around 4000 BC, although many believe that the game originated even earlier than that.

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Archery is an ancient sport practiced since early times, developed independently in many parts of Eurasia and Africa. Today archery is practised mainly in Europe, North America, Asia (especially Japan), South Korea, South East Asia (including China) and Australia.

2. Athletics

Athletics is a team sport played between two teams. When playing athletics, each team competes against the other while trying to hit their opponent's goal posts. In order to score points the athletes must run towards the goal post in the fastest time possible. If the athletes pass the goal post before being caught, they have scored a point. If both teams get caught, then no points are awarded.

Competitors run, jump, throw projectiles, do various gymnastic feats, race horses, ride bicycles, play field hockey, football, tennis, and volleyball, participate in swimming races, or compete in long jump, triple jump, high jump, pole vault, javelin throw, discus throw, hammer throw, shot put, and weight throwing events.

Athletics events have been held at the Summer Olympic Games since 1904, and at the Winter Olympic Games since 1908. Events vary greatly depending on the sport; they might involve walking, running, throwing, jumping, swimming, cycling, skiing, ice-skating, roller skating, horseback riding, wrestling, boxing, judo, fencing, shooting, taekwondo, luge, equestrian sports, and many others.

Image by Michal Jarmoluk from Pixabay

Athletics were first contested at the Ancient Greek games in about 648 BC, where they were held on the playing fields of Athens. Athletic events included running, jumping, throwing, wrestling, boxing, discus, javelin, long jump, hammer throw, pole vault and marathon.

Athletics is the sport of competition between individuals or groups over distances such as running, walking, jumping, throwing, etc. Many sports have been adapted from athletics; for example, tennis evolved from racquets and golf from chipping and putting. While track and field events are held indoors, modern pentathlon includes equestrian and show-jumping events. Track and field is governed internationally by IAAF and is divided into disciplines including sprinting, hurdling, long jump, triple jump, shot put, high jump, pole vault, javelin throw, decathlon, heptathlon, pentathlon, and marathon.

3. Badminton

Badminton is a sport where two people play on a single court at the same time. The players use rackets to hit a shuttlecock back and forth over a net. Players take turns hitting the shuttlecock and try to keep it away from their opponents' side until it falls into the net. Once the player wins the game, he/she gets to serve first in the next match.

Badminton is a racket-and-string game played between two teams of two players. The object is for the player hitting the shuttlecock - a small ball with feathers attached to string - with a wooden racquet to send the shuttlecock past their opponent's court towards a net where it is caught or, if the shuttlecock is hit outside the nets, falls onto the ground. An alternate version is singles' badminton, in which the winner is the last player not out.

Image by No-longer-here from Pixabay

Badminton is a team racket sport originating in India and Malaysia, traditionally played with two rackets and a shuttlecock. In its current form, it evolved from a hybrid of tennis and table tennis. The first modern badminton international championship was organised by Thomas Cribb in 1882 and was won by English players Harry Parker and James Cecil Parke.

Badminton is played both competitively and recreationally, although the game's official rules were only formalized in 1859. Players use their hands to hit shuttlecocks back and forth across a net in order to strike them away from their opponent's court. Badminton is governed internationally by the International Badminton Federation.

4. Basketball

Basketball is a sport where the players compete against each other in order to shoot baskets. To begin the game, the ball is passed down to the player who is closest to the basket. The player takes aim at the basket and tries to make the ball go through the hoop. After making the basket, the player passes the ball down to his teammate who was not able to shoot. The game continues until one team scores 21 points, thus winning.

Basketball is a team sport originating in 1891, originally called "indoor football," which is now widely known simply as basketball. Three points are awarded to the team whose player shoots a free throw after scoring a goal, missing the basket, or touching the ball while it goes out of bounds. Teams consist of five players plus a goalkeeper who defends the goal. Two sides compete in an exhibition game, then play seven regular season games followed by a playoff game. Regular season games consist of two halves of twenty minutes each, with a halftime break of about ten minutes, plus a three-minute overtime period in case of a tie after regulation time. If the score remains tied, sudden death rules apply. The team leading at the end of overtime is declared the winner. The tournament consists of best-of-seven series of single elimination games, culminating in a championship game between the winners of the semi-final matches.

Basketball is a ball sport played between two teams of five players each. Each player takes turns shooting baskets with their hands while trying not to allow the opponents' shots to hit the rim. A goal scored with either hand is worth 2 points.

Basketball is a team sport derived from the physical activity of handball. In basketball players dribble small balls (usually leather or synthetic material) along a hard surface using two hands while attempting to score goals by shooting the ball through an area called the goal. It is commonly played by men and women between the ages of 4 and 19, though anyone may play at any age. There are three main types of basketball: amateur, professional, and international.

5. Boxing

Boxing is a sport where two contestants fight each other, throwing punches, kicks, knees, elbows, headbutts, etc. Each contestant starts out in a neutral corner, after which they start fighting. Fighters wear protective equipment called boxing gloves (also known as padded hands) to protect themselves from getting hurt. A boxer may throw combinations or straight punches, depending on the type of round he/she is in. An amateur boxer wears less protective gear than a professional boxers.

Boxing is a combat sport where two men, referred to as boxers, fight each other. One boxer wears padding and gloves to protect their hands, face, head, and body, while the other boxer fights bare handed. Both boxers have agreed to a set number of punches they may use in a round. There are three basic boxing rules: (1) You cannot strike below the waist (2) You cannot hold onto your opponent after the bell rings (3) All punches must connect. After a punch lands, both boxers stand still for a count before starting the next round. Points are scored according to what kind of punches were thrown, who threw them, and how many times each fighter landed a punch. Points are determined by judges who decide if a fighter won a round or not.

Boxing is a combat sport involving physical contact between two people wearing padded headgear and gloves. Each boxer uses his or her hands to strike and move his or her opponent, aiming to knock him or her down using combinations of punches. It is considered to be the oldest continuously played combat sport. The word "boxing" comes from the Latin boxare ("to strike"), and the sport was developed in England, France, Germany, Italy, and Ireland in the mid 19th century. Boxing - Boxing is a combat sport similar to kickboxing, where participants box with padded gloves using only their fists and feet.

6. Cycling

Cycling is a sport where riders cycle around a course. Typically, the rider must follow certain rules in order to complete the race successfully. Before the start of the race, the rider puts on a helmet, elbow pads and knee pads. These items help prevent injuries when the rider crashes. When starting the race, the rider must ride against the clock. Riders have 10 laps to finish the race. At the end of those ten laps, the rider receives his/her results.

Cyclists ride their bikes over different terrains to complete a specified route. Cyclists can choose to compete individually or with teams. Races vary depending on the type of terrain being ridden upon. Individual races include road cycling, time trial, mass start racing, criterium, criterium des courses de l'Aude, and cyclo-cross. There are also team races including the Tour de France, UCI World Cup, UCI Road Race World Championships, and Olympics.

Cycling is a sport in which cyclists ride fixed-gear bicycles along closed routes. Fixed gear refers to having no freewheel mechanism, so riders have to pedal constantly to keep moving forward. Competitive cycling involves three disciplines: road racing, mountain biking, and BMX. Road cycling usually takes place on smooth roads, though cyclocross, downhill/freeride, criterium, mountain bike, trials, park, and track bikes are also found. Mountain bikers ride off-road, often descending steep hills at high speeds and negotiating rocky terrain. BMX bikers perform tricks on specially designed flat-ground ramps or dirt jumps and may use freestyle bicycles without brakes. Cyclists compete individually in the individual pursuit, defined as a timed trial over a measured distance. In cyclo-cross, athletes race over obstacles such as puddles or logs on a gravel course.

cycling is a sport in which cyclists ride fixed-gear bikes or road racing bicycles along closed roads or paths, attempting to attain speeds above those achieved in ordinary walk, jog, or run. Riders compete individually and try to stay together as a group. Races may last anything from 15 minutes to several hours, depending upon the discipline.

7. Chess

Chess is a game played between two opponents. Each player uses a chess board, pieces, and pawns; a king, queen, rook, bishop, knight, and pawn. Players attempt to capture their opponent's pieces while protecting their own. Pieces move on squares marked on the chessboard, capturing adjacent enemy pieces. The objective is to checkmate the opposing king, whereby the opponent's king is captured or placed in check (i.e., attacked). Checkmate is achieved when the king is either stalemated, i.e., unable to escape from check, or if all the opposing king's possible moves result in check mate.

Chess began in Persia (now Iran), Mesopotamia and Egypt during the sixth century BCE. The earliest known reference to the game is in a clay tablet written c. 600 BCE. There are different sets of rules for casual play and competitive play: in the former, two players take it in turns to move individual pieces; in the latter, the object is to checkmate the opponent by placing their king under perpetual check.

Image by PIRO from Pixabay

Chess is a board game played on a chessboard, whose objective is to checkmate the opposing king. It originated in India, Southeast Asia, Central Asia, and Persia around 800–200 BC, and was introduced to Western Europe via the Silk Road trade routes. Chess was later adopted by Arabs, who spread the game throughout the Middle Ages. By 1250 AD, it had become popular in England and France, and reached its golden age during the Renaissance and Reformation eras. The rules of chess are simple; there are 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid. These squares are either empty or occupied by pieces (called figures) placed upon them according to certain restrictions.

I hope you have enjoyed this article!!!

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